首页 | 本刊简介 | 编委会 | 投稿征稿 | 期刊订阅 | 下载中心 | English
 
   
  论文快速检索

请输入关键词

 

 

   
  信息公告
海外撷英栏目开通,欢迎投稿

热带亚热带植物学报网络开通

访问总次数
13774580
今日访问
553
当前在线
0人
 
引用本文:
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 62次   下载 86 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
对叶榕花序不同发育时期气味成分的变化及其对传粉者的吸引作用
程玉芬1,2,3, 张志伟4, 贾永霞3, 陈连福1,3, 于慧1,3
1.中国科学院植物资源保护与可持续利用重点实验室, 广州 510650;2.中国科学院大学, 北京 100049;3.中国科学院华南植物园, 广州 510650;4.曲阜师范大学生命科学学院, 山东 曲阜 273165
摘要:  为探讨榕果发育过程中气味挥发物的动态变化及其对传粉者行为的调节作用,比较对叶榕(Ficus hispia)不同发育时期花序挥发物的变化,并结合Y形嗅觉仪检测对叶榕传粉榕小蜂对不同花序的选择性。结果表明,在3个发育时期的花序中共检测到64种化合物,对叶榕采用“泛化”策略吸引传粉榕小蜂,十一烷、β-榄香烯、β-芹子烯、α-依兰油烯可能是对传粉榕小蜂起吸引作用的物质。雌前期花序气味与雌花期相似,间花期与雌前期、雌花期的有显著差异,传粉榕小蜂对雌前期和雌花期花序具有明显的选择倾向,对间花期花序表现出驱避性,表明对叶榕与传粉者存在“推-拉”作用模式。雌前期花序释放的气味,有助于传粉者对寄主的定位。同一时期个体间的气味成分存在空间异质性,这种异质性在间花期更加显著,表明气味成分受环境影响。间花期花序气味由于不需要特异性地吸引传粉者,因而更容易发生变化。这有助于更好地理解榕树挥发性物质的组成特点,以及化学机制在维持榕树-榕小蜂共生体系中的关键作用。
关键词:  对叶榕  隐头花序  挥发性化合物  化学信号
DOI:10.11926/jtsb.4016
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目(31670395);广州市科技计划项目(201707010351);中国科学院植物资源保护与可持续利用重点实验室开放基金项目资助
Odour Composition Variation at Different Stages of Ficus hispida Inflorescence and the Attraction to Pollinators
CHENG Yu-fen1,2,3, ZHANG Zhi-wei4, JIA Yong-xia3, CHEN Lian-fu1,3, YU Hui1,3
1.Key Laboratory of Plant Resources Conservation and Sustainable Utilization, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650, China;2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;3.South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650, China;4.School of Life Sciences, Qufu Normal University, Qufu 273165, Shandong, China
Abstract:  In order to understand the changes in volatile organic compounds (VOCs) of figs and its regulation to pollinators, the compositions of VOCs at three floral phases were determined in Ficus hispia, and the behavioral responses of pollinators to different developmental syconia were observed by using Y-tube olfactometer. The results showed that there were 64 compounds were detected in syconia at three phases. Among them, four compounds, such as undecane, β-elemene, β-selinene, and α-muurolene, might be the active substances attractive to pollinators. So the specific chemical signal of F. hispida to attract its pollinator was achieved by "generalization" strategy. The NMDS results showed that the VOCs of syconia at prefemale phase were similar to those at female phase, but those at interfloral phase were significantly different from those at the other two phases. There was a clear tendency for pollinators to select the syconia at prefemale and female phases, but avoid the ones at interfloral phase, indicating that there was a "push-pull" interaction mode between the figs and their pollinators. The VOCs released by syconia at pre-female phase could strengthen pollinator attraction. In addition, the VOCs vary among individuals at the same developmental phase showed VOCs emission was affected by the environment, especially at interfloral phase. These would help for understand the composition characteristics of VOCs in Ficus and the chemical signal function in maintaining fig-fig wasp mutualisms.
Key words:   Ficus hispida  Inflorescence  Volatile organic compound  Chemical signal

Copyright 2007 版权所有 中国科学院华南植物园《热带亚热带植物学报》编辑部
地址: 广州市天河区兴科路723号 中国科学院华南植物园 《热带亚热带植物学报》编辑部 邮编:510650 电话: 86 (0)20-3725 2514  传真:86 (0)20-3725 2642 E-mail: jtsb@scib.ac.cn
本系统由北京勤云科技发展有限公司设计
京ICP备09084417号-2