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卡西亚松家系幼林的生长节律
杨雪艳1, 徐建民1, 朱映安1, 沈乐1, 李光友1, 吴世军1, 罗亚春2, 刘继伟2, 陈礼勇2
1.中国林业科学研究院热带林业研究所国家重点实验室, 广州 510520;2.普洱市卫国林业局, 云南 宁洱 665100
摘要:  为了解卡西亚松(Pinus kesiya)生长与气象因子间的关系,对17个卡西亚松家系幼林的周年生长性状进行研究。结果表明,17个卡西亚松家系的胸径、树高和抽梢次数存在显著差异(P<0.05),可分为速生型(I)和慢生型(Ⅱ),其中7、25、61、104、41家系属于速生型,其胸径和树高年均生长量分别为2.03 cm和1.46 m。两类型家系的生长趋势一致,胸径一年内出现2次生长高峰(2和8月),树高出现3次生长高峰(2-3、6和8-10月)。有3次抽梢高峰,分别在5月(春梢)、8-9月(夏梢)和11月(秋梢),一年抽1~4次新梢,以抽2次新梢的植株最多(47%),且在春(71.78%)夏(77.33%)两季抽梢的比例较高。月平均气温对卡西亚松树高的生长影响最大,在1月出现短暂的生长停滞。因此,卡西亚松幼林抚育管理宜在胸径和树高生长高峰之前进行,即5-6和12-翌年1月,1月进行幼林修枝抚育。
关键词:  卡西亚松  半同胞家系  抽梢  生长节律  滇南地区
DOI:10.11926/jtsb.3981
分类号:
基金项目:948国家项目引进国际先进林业科学技术(2012-4-45);中国林业科学研究院基本科研业务费专项(CAFYBB2018SZ002)资助
Growth Rhythm for Half-sib Families of Young Pinus kesiya Plantations in Southern Yunnan, China
YANG Xue-yan1, XU Jian-min1, ZHU Ying-an1, SHEN Le1, LI Guang-you1, WU Shi-Jun1, LUO Ya-chun2, LIU Ji-wei2, CHEN Li-yong2
1.Key Laboratory of State Forestry Administration on Tropical Forestry Research, Research Institute of Tropical Forestry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Guangzhou 510520, China;2.Weiguo Forestry Bureau of Pu'er City, Ning'er 665100, Yunnan, China
Abstract:  In order to understand the relationship between monthly growth of Pinus kesiya and meteorological factors, the annual growth dynamic of 17 families were studied in southern Yunnan. The family plantation was established in June 2013, 17 half-sib families of P. kesiya introduced from Thailand and Vietnam were selected with P. kesiya var. langbianensis from local seed orchard as control, the diameter at breast height (DBH), height and timing of shooting were observed for a whole year since July 2015. Meanwhile, the effects of meteorological factors on growth rhythm and shooting law were also analyzed. The results showed that there were significant differences in DBH, height and shooting times among 17 families (P<0.05). These families could be divided into two types, family No. 7, 25, 61, 104 and 41 were fast-growth type (I), with annual mean increment of DBH and height for 2.03 cm and 1.46 m, respectively, and the others was slow-growth type (Ⅱ). The both types of P. kesiya families showed similar growth tendency, of the DBH growth had two peaks occurred in February and August, of and the height growth had three peaks in February to March, June, and August to October, and shooting had three peaks in May (spring shoot), August to September (summer shoot) and November (fall shoot), respectively. The shooting times of P. kesiya were one to four in a whole year, of which the number of families with twice shooting was the largest, accounting for 47% of the total trees, mainly in spring (72.78%) and summer (77.33%). The growth of P. kesiya was influenced mainly by monthly average temperature, and growth stagnation was short in January. So, it was recommended that tending management of P. kesiya young plantation should be conducted before two peaks of DBH and height growth, i.e. May to June and December to January, and pruning in January.
Key words:  Pinus kesiya  Half-sib family  Shooting  Growth rhythm  Southern Yunnan

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