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井冈山植物群落优势种空间分布格局与种间关联
魏识广,李林,许睿,曹洪麟
桂林电子科技大学,桂林电子科技大学,桂林电子科技大学,中国科学院华南植物园
摘要:  为了解井冈山植物群落优势种的生存现状,对其空间格局和种间关系进行研究,并探讨保护策略。结果表明,重要值排前4 位的优势物种,马银花(Rhododendron ovatum)、甜槠(Castanopsis eyrei)、黄丹木姜(Litsea longate)和石木姜(L. longate var.faberi)的径级结构不同,垂直空间分布也存在明显差异。在检测的大部分尺度上,马银花、黄丹木姜和石木姜呈显著聚集分布,而甜槠呈随机分布。林冠上层物种甜槠只对林冠下层物种马银花在小尺度上(<6 m)存在正相关作用,甜槠在一定范围内为马银花的生长提供了庇护场所。大部分个体处于林冠中层的黄丹木姜和石木姜,在树冠能够接触到的范围内呈明显的竞争关系,在尺度9~13 m 呈显著负相关分布。因此,井冈山植物群落优势物种间不存在显著竞争作用,若采取合理保护措施,植物群落的多样性水平还会继续提高。
关键词:  空间格局  种间关系  井冈山  相对邻体密度指数
DOI:10.11926/j.issn.1005-3395.2015.01.011
分类号:S718.54
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31200412, 31200326, 31460155)资助
Spatial Pattern and Interspecific Relationship of Dominant Species in Plant Community in Jinggang Mountain
Wei shiguang,Li lin,Xu rui and Cao Honglin
GuiLin University of electronic technology,GuiLin University of electronic technology,GuiLin University of electronic technology,South China Botany Garden, Chinese Academy of science
Abstract:  In order to understand the survival situation of plant community in Jinggang Mountain, the spatial patterns and interspecific relationship of dominant species were studied, and the protection strategy was discussed. The results showed that four dominant species with top importance value, such as Rhododendron ovatum, Castanopsis eyrei, Litsea elongate and L. elongata var. faberi, had different size structures, as well as in vertical distribution. Based on relative neighborhood density index (Ω r) analyses, the spatial distribution of Rhododendron ovatum, Litsea elongate and L. elongata var. faberi showed significantly aggregated distribution at most scales, while that of Castanopsis eyrei was random distribution. The upper canopy species Castanopsis eyrei had only significant positive correlation with under canopy species Rhododendron ovatum at small scale (<6 m), and Castanopsis eyrei provide refuge for Rhododendron ovatum within a certain range. However, most Litsea elongate and L. elongata var. faberi individuals in the middle canopy had obvious competitive relationship, which the two species showed significantly negative correlation at 9-13 m scale. Therefore, there were no significant competition among dominant species in Jinggang Mountain communities. If taking reasonable and scientific protection, the diversity of plant community will continue to improve.
Key words:  Spatial pattern  Interspecific relation  Jinggang Mountain  Relative neighborhood density index

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