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沉香属的化学分类学研究
黄圣卓,赵友兴,梅文莉,杨德兰,刘寿柏,戴好富
1. 中国热带农业科学院热带生物技术研究所, 农业部热带作物生物技术重点开放实验室; 2. 海南省黎药资源天然产物研究与利用重点实验室,1. 中国热带农业科学院热带生物技术研究所, 农业部热带作物生物技术重点开放实验室; 2. 海南省黎药资源天然产物研究与利用重点实验室,1. 中国热带农业科学院热带生物技术研究所, 农业部热带作物生物技术重点开放实验室; 2. 海南省黎药资源天然产物研究与利用重点实验室,1. 中国热带农业科学院热带生物技术研究所, 农业部热带作物生物技术重点开放实验室; 2. 海南省黎药资源天然产物研究与利用重点实验室,1. 中国热带农业科学院热带生物技术研究所, 农业部热带作物生物技术重点开放实验室; 2. 海南省黎药资源天然产物研究与利用重点实验室,1. 中国热带农业科学院热带生物技术研究所, 农业部热带作物生物技术重点开放实验室; 2. 海南省黎药资源天然产物研究与利用重点实验室
摘要:  为探讨瑞香科沉香亚科的分类学地位,结合其他亚科植物的化学成分类型,对从沉香属植物分离到的各类化学成分进行了综述。从二萜和黄酮(烷)的成分类型判断,沉香亚科的进化地位低于瑞香亚科;从三萜成分类型来看,其地位又比Gonystyloideae亚科稍高;同时2-(2-苯乙基)色酮类和二苯基甲酮类成分为沉香属甚至沉香亚科的特征性成分。因此,沉香亚科是瑞香科中进化程度相对较低的类群,处于瑞香亚科和Gonystyloideae亚科之间。
关键词:  沉香属  化学成分  化学分类学
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1005-3395.2013.03.014
分类号:
基金项目:公益性行业(农业)科研专项经费(201303117); 国家科技支撑计划课题(2013BAI11B04)资助
Chemotaxonomy Studies on the Genus Aquilaria
HUANG Sheng-zhuo,ZHAOYou-xing,MEI Wen-li,YANG De-lan,LIU Shou-bai and DAI Hao-fu
1. Key Laboratory of Tropical Crop Biotechnology, Ministry of Agriculture, Institute of Tropical Bioscience and Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, China; 2. Hainan Key Laboratory for Research and Development of Natural Product from Li Folk Medicine, China,1. Key Laboratory of Tropical Crop Biotechnology, Ministry of Agriculture, Institute of Tropical Bioscience and Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, China; 2. Hainan Key Laboratory for Research and Development of Natural Product from Li Folk Medicine, China,1. Key Laboratory of Tropical Crop Biotechnology, Ministry of Agriculture, Institute of Tropical Bioscience and Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, China; 2. Hainan Key Laboratory for Research and Development of Natural Product from Li Folk Medicine, China,1. Key Laboratory of Tropical Crop Biotechnology, Ministry of Agriculture, Institute of Tropical Bioscience and Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, China; 2. Hainan Key Laboratory for Research and Development of Natural Product from Li Folk Medicine, China,1. Key Laboratory of Tropical Crop Biotechnology, Ministry of Agriculture, Institute of Tropical Bioscience and Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, China; 2. Hainan Key Laboratory for Research and Development of Natural Product from Li Folk Medicine, China,1. Key Laboratory of Tropical Crop Biotechnology, Ministry of Agriculture, Institute of Tropical Bioscience and Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, China; 2. Hainan Key Laboratory for Research and Development of Natural Product from Li Folk Medicine, China
Abstract:  In order to understand taxonomy position of Aquilarioideae, belonging to Thymelaeceae, the chemical constituents extracted from the genus Aquilaria was summarized, and the chemotaxonomy of subfamily Aquilarioideae was discussed by comparing the chemical constituents from other subfamilies in Thymelaeceae. It was regarded that the evolution status of subfamily Aquilarioideae was lower than that of subfamily Thymelaeoideae according to the types of diterpenoid and flavonoid, but higher than that of subfamily Gonystyloideae according to the type of triterpenoid. At the same time, 2-(2-phenylethyl) chromones and dibenzophenones were taken as the characteristic components of the genus Aquilaria, or even subfamily Aquilarioideae. Therefore, the status of subfamily Aquilarioideae was approved and regarded as the lower evolution group in Thymelaeceae, exiting between subfamily Thymelaeoideae and subfamily Gonystyloideae.
Key words:  Aquilaria  Chemical constituent  Chemotaxonomy

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