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酸雨作用下的森林冠层盐基离子(Ca2+,Mg2+,K+)淋洗
蒋益民, 曾光明, 张龚, 刘鸿亮
作者单位
蒋益民, 曾光明*, 张龚, 刘鸿亮  
摘要:  在韶山针阔叶混交林中设立了10个30 m×30 m的样方,对1年中各个季节的森林截留沉降、降雨后树冠层总滤出量、盐基离子滤出量以及树冠层对H+和NH4+的摄入量进行了分析和估算。韶山森林湿沉降成分中以Ca2+为主,Mg2+,K+含量较低。树冠层盐基离子总滤出量中Ca2+最高,达到155.34 mmol m-2a-1,Mg2+最低,为30.74 mmol m-2a-1,K+居中,为84.13 mmol m-2a-1。Ca2+的大量滤出表明它是树冠层缓冲降水酸度的主要介质,同时也表明酸雨对韶山森林的潜在危害,其在总滤出量中的比重的季节变化是:夏(58.4%)>春(54.1%)>冬(51.4%)>秋(32.5%)。盐基离子的滤出量以冬→春→夏→秋依次递减,但是树冠层季节摄入NH4+的量在30-100 mmol m-2,而对H+的摄入量则在30-180 mmol m-2
关键词:  酸沉降  盐基离子  树冠滤出  亚热带森林
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1005-3395.2004.5.006
分类号:
基金项目:
Leaching of Base Cations (Ca2+,Mg2+,K+) from Forest Canopy during Acid Rain
JIANG Yi-min, ZENG Guang-ming, ZHANG Gong, LIU Hong-liang
Abstract:  Ten plots were used to study the interception deposition, total canopy leaching, base cations from canopy leaching, and the H+ and NH4+ uptake by the canopy in subtropical coniferous-broadleaved mixed forest in Shaoshan, Hunan Province, from January 2001 to June 2002. The predominant elements in wet deposition in the forest were Ca2+, Mg2+ and K+. Ca2+ from canopy leaching was high, amounting to 155.34 mmol m-2a-1, followed by K+ (84.13 mmol m-2a-1) and Mg2+ (30.74 mmol m-2a-1). Large amount of Ca2+ leaching indicated that it was the main acidity bufering agent from can opy leaching,suggesting the potential harmfulness of acid rain to the forest.Seasonal changes in the amount of base cations from canopy leaching were in the order of winter> spring> summer>autumn,but the proportion of total leaching were summer(58.4%)>spring(54.1%)>winter(51.4%)>autumn (32.5%).Seasonal uptake of NH4+ by the canopy in the year observed varied from 30 to 100 mmol m-2,and that of H+ from 30 to l80 mmol m-2
Key words:  Acid deposition  Base cations  Canopy leaching  Subtropical forest

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